Data Warehouses

Basic Concepts

Data Warehouse Terminology

In the 1980s, a new data revolution began. Not only was data being used by businesses for operational efficiency at the time, but it became incredibly important for deriving insights and making decisions for long-term success.

The most successful organizations employ their data to create value and growth. In other words, organizational intelligence comes from robust data.
Data Warehouse Terminology Infographic

What’s a Data Warehouse?

At its core, a data warehouse refers to the electronic storage of large amounts of information, designed for query and analysis ahead of transactional processing. A data warehouse is not a product but an environment. In other words, it’s an informational system architecture that provides users with current information as well as historical data to support decision-making—a task that’s difficult to accomplish in more traditional data storage.

Data warehouses provide confidence in an organization’s data quality. The best data warehouses will ingest data from a number of existing sources and use consistent formats and artificial intelligence tools to cleanse data quality automatically, deduplicate records, and provide a more complete dataset.

With regard to data storage solutions, there are some key differences between data warehouses and others that ought to be considered, as noted in the following tables.

Data Warehouse v. Database

DatabaseData Warehouse
AccessibilityOptimized for read write access of
a single or few data records
Aggregates many data sources; optimized for analytical workloads that typically involve aggregating all rows of certain columns of fact tables
StorageSingle layer of information presentedLayered information in standardized formatting
UsageRecording and retrieving informationStorage of large amounts of information

Data Warehouse v. Data Lake

Data LakeData Warehouse
AccessibilityRaw, unstructured dataStructured, integrated data
StorageSimplified storage bankStandardized storage vault
UsageUnformatted or loose formattingRelational formatting

Data Mart vs Data Warehouse vs Data Lake Architectures

Data Mart vs Data Warehouse vs Data Lake Architectures

Data Warehouse v. Data Mart

Data Mart
Data Warehouse
StorageDependent or independent*Integrated
UsageSmall subsets of a data warehouse but typically aligned with business division.For the entire enterprise
* A dependent data mart is dependent on a data warehouse as the source for its data, resulting in less control over the data; an independent data mart is not dependent on a data warehouse, and data is ingested from different outside sources, granting more control over the data.

At Eccovia, we believe in the power of data to change social and health outcomes for vulnerable populations. That’s why ClientInsight offers a powerful data warehouse that not only manages your data but also cleanses it, deduplicates client records, and uses machine learning to analyze and forecast needs. Learn more by contacting us.

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